Africa Archaeological Tours from North to South
Africa is renowned internationally for its palaeontological and archaeological sites. Fossils recovered from sites such as koobi fora, olorgesaillie and hyrax hill in Kenya have provided vital information about the evolution of mankind, earning Africa the reputation as the ‘Cradle of Mankind’.
One can confidently prove that curiosity killed man when safaris to these archaeological and cultural sites are becoming increasingly popular for visitors with a healthy curiosity about the origins of humanity
Archaeological sites in Africa
Archaeological sites Egypt
Our in-depth survey of ancient Egypt includes the rock-cut tombs at Beni Hassan, Tuna el-Gebel and Akhenaten’s capital at el-Amarna in Middle Egypt. Beginning in Cairo, we visit Sakkara, the Giza Plateau, the Egyptian Museum and Islamic and Coptic Cairo. We will visit the Bent pyramid and Red pyramid at Dahshur and Abusir and travel into the Fayyum Oasis to see the collapsed pyramid of Meydum. Our five days in Luxor provides a thorough exploration of the temples and tombs of Thebes as well as Dendera and Abydos. The new deluxe Farah Nile Cruise brings us to Edfu’s Temple of Horus, the most perfectly preserved ancient Egyptian temple and the fascinating Temple at Kom Ombo, perched on a spectacular site overlooking the Nile. We will spend two days in Aswan visiting the Nubian Museum, Kalabsha Temple and taking a flying visit to Abu Simbel. The tour ends in Cairo with a day at leisure giving us time to return to the Egyptian Museum or explore the bazaars.
Archaeological sites Ethiopia
This exotic tours examines the historic sites associated with the Kingdom of Axum, one of the oldest empires of Africa. Beginning in Addis Ababam visit museums and early man sites before traveling to the north to visit the churches around Gondar and Mekele, uniquely designed and painted in a local style, the famous rock-cut churches of Lalibela and the fabulous ancient Axumite cities. Spend time in the spectacularly beautiful Simien Mountains before driving on to Bahir Dar and the origin of the Blue Nile. Experience Ethiopia's extraordinary pageantry and its diversity of peoples and traditions.
Archaeological sites Kenya
Koobi Foora is one of the world’s leading prehistoric site situated on the eastern shore of lake turkana where Homo habilis one of the earliest recognized species of the genus homo, was found. in 1972 the area was gazzeted as the sibiloi national park. The region is virtually inhabited except for frequent visits by nomadic groups. Since mid-1970s this area has been the focus of international koobi for a field school programme in palaeo-antropology, now runs jointly by the Rutgers University and the national museum of Kenya. There are camping facilities in koobi for which can be booked through the national museums of Kenya in Nairobi. Access is by road.
Olorgesaillie is site was first discovered by Mary Leakey in 1972 and has been under investigation ever since with a team from Smithsonian insitute USA doing annual survey and excavations. Olorgesaillie is the largest of the national museums in Kenya’s prehistoric sites, and characterized by insitu displays of prehistoric items including hand axes and fossilsed skeletons of extinct species of elephant and hippotamus. The old museum also holds exhits dating back 1.2 million years. The site has four basic bandas that can be booked through the national museums of Kenya for over nights stops.
Archaeological sites South Africa
South Africa is considered to be the cradle of humankind. Modern research has established that the emergence of the forerunner of Homo sapiens from ape-like pre-human forms took place in South and East Africa, some five or six million years ago.
This ape-like pre-human, Homo habilis, had a small brain of between 600 and 800cc (modern man 1,345cc) and made the earliest flaked stone tools. By 1.5 to .5 million years ago Homo habilis had evolved into the bigger-brained (935cc) Homo erectus. H. erectus seems to have spread beyond the African continent, for his remains have been found also in Java and China.
H. erectus had acquired the secret of making fire and his stone tools were made to a clearly identifiable pattern. By 12,000 years ago all the modern forms of man were in existence and had spread over most of the globe. Physical anthropologists distinguish four main races of Homo sapiens – the Caucasoid (or Indo-European), Negroid, Mongoloid and Australoid.
Archaeological sites Tanzania
The archaeological site of Olduvai Gorge is located in the eastern Serengeti in northern Tanzania within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. The gorge is a steep sided 4 to 8- kilometer (30 mile) long ravine, which forms part of the Great Rift Valley. It is situated on a series of fault lines which, along with centuries of erosion, has revealed fossils and remnants of early humankind.
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